नेपाल में गौतम नवलखा और आनंद तेलतुम्बडे की गिरफ्तारी का विरोध


April 16, 2020

Nepali Citizens against the Arrest of Dr. Anand Teltumbde and Gautam Navlakha

Deploying the draconian Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA), the Indian authorities decisively moved to detain eminent Indian scholar Dr. Anand Teltumbde and human rights activist Gautam Navlakha on April 14, 2020. Dr. Teltumbde, friend to the Dalit movement in Nepal, has written extensively about the caste system and has tirelessly advocated for the rights of Dalits. He cared about the constitutional reforms in Nepal and wanted to see that the flaws visible to him in the Indian Constitution were not repeated in Nepal.

These politically motivated arrests, coinciding with the birth anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, appears to us as a message not only to Dalits, Adivasis, OBCs, and other minorities in India but also to those in other parts of the subcontinent who have looked to the example of India’s secular and democratic innovations for inspiration. On behalf of the Nepali public, we strongly condemn these unjust arrests, especially in the context when even repressive regimes in other parts of the world are releasing political prisoners in the face of the COVID-19 crisis.

The Indian authorities have laid absurd allegations against Dr. Anand Teltumbde and Gautam Navlakha of seeking to overthrow the Indian government. This bizarre persecution by the Indian police started after the retaliatory violence by anti-Dalit vigilantes following Dalit protests and recognition of Bhima Koregoan in January 2018. Nine human rights activists (Varavara Rao, Sudha Bharadwaj, Shoma Sen, Surendra Gadling, Mahesh Raut, Arun Ferreira, Sudhir Dhawale, Rona Wilson, and Vernon Gonsalves) have already been incarcerated for almost two years now in connection with the Bhima Koregaon case, with no sign of a trial commencing. All of them have been booked under the UAPA making bail impossible. This makes a mockery of the jurisprudence granting bail as a right.

In carrying out the arrests of Dr. Anand Teltumbde and Gautam Navlakha (both senior individuals), the Indian government demonstrates a galling neglect of the risks to their health. The death of either individual under Indian custody, a real possibility during the COVID-19 crisis, would be a stain on the conscience of the world.

It is outrageous that the Indian government, instead of defending human rights and securing the freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, is cracking down on the very people who fight for justice in India. More disturbingly, public comments by political actors have indicated that Dr. Teltumbde was singled out precisely because of his Dalit identiy and activism. These measures by the Indian government are effectively an attempt to create a culture of state terror in the region. This is a violation of democratic principles as well as a dismissal of Dalit dissent.

We staunchly denounce the rise of these tactics in South Asian nations and beyond, and we call upon the Indian government to live up to the spirit of the Constitution and cease these assaults on civil liberties. We, the undersigned, call upon Dalit, Adivasi/Janajati, OBC, and other minority leaders throughout the world to seek the preservation of justice and equity.

We stand in solidarity with those who fight for justice and those who safeguard Dalit rights.

The undersigned,


आनन्द तेलतुम्बडे र गौतम नवलखाको गिरफ्तारीको विरोध

दलित आन्दोलन पक्षमा र जात व्यवस्थाको विरुद्धमा निरन्तर पैरवी गर्दै आइरहेका भारतीय विद्वान, मानवअधिकारकर्मी तथा लेखक डा. आनन्द लेलतुम्बडे र गौतम नवलखालाई गैरकानुनी कार्यविरुद्धको कानुन अन्तर्गत वैशाख २ गते थुनामा राखिएको कार्यप्रति हाम्रो ध्यानाकर्षण भएको छ । उहाँहरु नेपाली दलित आन्दोलनको सुभेच्छुक हुनुका साथै दलित मुद्दाको संबोधनमा भारतीय संविधानमा भएका कमजोरीहरु नेपालको संविधान निर्माणका क्रममा नदोहोरिउने भन्ने चाहनुन्थ्यो ।

डा. भीमराव अम्बेडकरको जन्मदिवसको अवसरमा गरिएको यस्तो गिरफ्तारीले भारतको धर्मनिरपेक्ष तथा लोकतान्त्रिक पहललाई प्रेरणाका रुपमा लिइरहेका दलित, आदिवासी, जनजाति र पिछडिएका अन्य सीमान्तीकृत समुदायमात्र होइन सिंगो भारतीय उपमहाद्वीपलाई यो गिरफ्तारी राजनीतिक रुपमा अभिप्ररित हो भन्ने सन्देश दिएको छ । कोरोनाको प्रकोपको यस्तो कठीन परिस्थितिमा विश्वका तानशाहहरुले समेत राजनीतिक आस्थाका बन्दीहरुलाई थुना मुक्त गरिरहेको बेला उहाँहरुको गैरन्यायिक गिरफ्तारीलाई नेपाली नागरिकहरुको तर्फबाट हामी भत्र्सना गर्दछौं । 

भारतीय अधिकारीहरुले उहाँहरुमाथि राज्यद्रोहको निराधार आरोपहरु लगाएका छन् । यो हिंसाको सुरुवात दुई वर्षअघि दलितहरुको एक विरोध ¥यालीमा घुषपैठगरी गैरदलित समुदायका व्यक्तिहरुले भारतको भीम कोरेगाउँमा गरेको बदलापूर्ण हिंसा पश्चात् प्रहरीले उहाँहरुलाई पक्राउ गरेपछि सुरु हुन्छ । उक्त घटनामा संलग्न भएको आरोपमा यसअघि नै नौ जना मानवअधिकारकर्मीहरुलाई स्वच्छ सुनुवाइको अवसर समेत नदिइ कारागार चलान गरिएको छ । उहाँहरु सबैलाई गैरकानुनी कार्यविरुद्धको कानुनअन्तर्गत थुनामा राखिएको हो । यस्तो कार्यले जमानतमा छुट्न पाउने न्यायिक प्रणालीमाथि उपहास गरेको छ ।

पाको उमेरका तेलतुम्बडे र गौतमको गिरफ्तारीले भारत सरकारले उहाँहरुको स्वास्थ्य जोखिमलाई गम्भीर वेवास्ता गरेको महसुस हुन्छ । अन्य व्यक्तिगत कारणले नै किन नहोस् वा कोरोनाको महामारीको अवस्थामा उहाँहरुको जेलभित्र मृत्यु भएको खन्डमा भारत सरकारलाई अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय रुपमा नैतिकताको प्रश्न उठ्न सक्छ ।

न्यायका लागि संघर्ष गरिरहेका आम नागरिकहरुको मावअधिकारको रक्षा गर्नुको सट्टा उनीहरुको शान्तिपूर्ण भेला गर्ने अधिकार र अभिव्यक्ति स्वतन्त्रतालाई जसरी कुन्ठित पार्ने प्रयास गरिरहेको देखिन्छ यसले भारत सरकारको छविमाथि नै आँच पु¥याएको छ । दलित राजनीतिक अभियन्ताले सार्वजनिक रुपमा गरेको टिप्पणीका आधारमा नै उहाँहरुलाई यस्तो व्यवहार गरिएको हो । यसले यस क्षेत्रमा भारतले कसरी राज्य आतंक फैलाउन चाहन्छ भन्ने स्पष्ट हुन्छ । यो लोकतान्त्रिक मूल्य-मान्यतामाथिको प्रहारमात्र होइन, दलितआन्दोलनमाथिको समेत प्रहार हो ।

हामी विश्वभर र दक्षिण  एसियाली देशहरुमा भइरहेका यस्ता हरकतहरुको विरोध गर्दछौं । र, हामी भारत सरकारलाई संवैधानिक नागरिक अधिकारको सम्मान गर्नका लागि आगह गर्दछौं । हामी संसारभरका दलित, आदिवासी, जनजाति तथा सम्पूर्ण सीमान्तीकृत समुदायका अगुवाहरुलाई समानता र न्यायका लागि उभिनका लागि आब्हवान गर्न चाहन्छौं ।

हामी न्याय र दलित अधिकारका लागि भएका सम्पूर्ण संघर्षहरुप्रति ऐक्यवद्धता व्यक्त गर्दछौं ।

  1. Aahuti Aahuti, Public Intellectual, Kathmandu
  2. Abhilash Acharya, Educator, Kathmandu
  3. Alina Saba, Researcher & Activist, Lalitpur
  4. Amar Bk, Writer and Researcher
  5. Amina Singh, Adjunct Faculty, Kathmandu University, Kathmandu
  6. Amish Raj Mulmi, Writer/Editor, Kathmandu
  7. Amita Sharma, Lawyer
  8. Amuda Mishra, Gender Expert
  9. Anushila Bhattarai, Activist, Kathmandu
  10. Ashmina Ranjit, LASANAA, Kathmandu
  11. Babita Rai, Activist and Writer, Dharan
  12. Balram Prasad Raut, Assistant Professor, Tribhuvan University
  13. Bandana Dhakal, Writer, Kathmandu.
  14. Bandana Sharma, Development Consultant
  15. Basanta Ranjitkar, LASANAA, Kathmandu
  16. Bhogiraj Chamling, Writer and Researcher, Khotang
  17. Bhola Paswan, Saptari
  18. Bikash Basnet, Writer, Kathmandu
  19. Bikash Shrestha, Journalist, Kathmandu
  20. Bikkil Sthapit, Suna Mero Katha, Kathmandu
  21. Bimal Khadka, Principal, K & K Collage
  22. Binda Pandey, Trade Union/Political activist
  23. Binod Bikram Kc, Poet, Kathmandu
  24. Brabim Kumar, Activist, Kathmandu
  25. Bunu Dhungana, Nepal Picture Library, Kathmandu
  26. Chandreshwor Das, Activist, Dhanusha
  27. Chandreshwor Sada, Activist, Dhanusha
  28. Charan Prasain, Human Rights Activist, Kathmandu
  29. Deepak Adhikari, Journalist
  30. Deepak Paudel, Educator
  31. Deepak Thapa, Researcher, Kathmandu
  32. Dewan Rai, Writer, Kathmandu
  33. Dhana Kumari Sunar, Writer and Activist 
  34. Dikshya Khadka, Leader
  35. Dinesh Kafle, writer, Kathmandu
  36. Dipendra Paswan, Saptari
  37. Diwas Raja Kc, Nepal Picture Library, Kathmandu
  38. Dr. Dovan Rai, Writer and Researcher, Kathmandu
  39. Dr. Gopal Krishna Shiwakoti, President, INHURED International, Kathmandu
  40. Dr. Renu Adhikari, Founding Chairperson WOREC, Nepal
  41. Dr. Sachin Ghemere, Medical Anthropologist
  42. Dr Saroj Dhital, General Surgeon
  43. Dr Vishnu Singh Rai, Writer, Kathmandu
  44. Dwarika Thebe, Writer & Researcher, Ilam
  45. Ekal Silwal, Journalist
  46. Ganesh Bk, Chairperson, RDN Nepal & secretary General Forum for Human Rights protection, Nepal.
  47. Gurung Sushanta, Writer, Bhaktapur
  48. Harinandan Ambedkar, Activist, Sarlahi
  49. Heema Rai, Agricultural Engineer, Khotang
  50. Ishwari Bhattarai, Researcher, Lalitpur
  51. Ishwor Shrestha, Buddhist Academician
  52. Itisha Giri, Writer and Podcaster, Madrid
  53. J.B. Biswokarma, Writer, and Chairperson-Dignity Initiative, Kathmandu 
  54. JB Pun Magar, Journalist, Kathmandu
  55. Kabin Maleku, Pharmacist
  56. Karan Shrestha, artist & filmmaker, Kathmandu
  57. Khyamu “Gaunle” Biswokarma, Dalit Activist and Researcher
  58. Krishna Gopal Ranjit, Artist, Kathmandu
  59. Leah Everest, Newzealand,
  60. Lhamo Yangchen Sherpa, Sr. Advisor Research & M&E
  61. Luna Ranjit, Writer, Kathmandu
  62. Luv Yadav, Educator
  63. Madhusudhan Subedi, Social Scientist, Professor, Tribhuvan University.
  64. Mallika Aryal, Journalist, Oslo, Norway
  65. Mandira Sharma, Human Rights Advocate and Researcher, UK/Nepal
  66. Manoj Paswan, Human Rights Activist, Sarlahi
  67. Mausham Shakya, psychological well-being coach 
  68. Milan Kumar Singh Tharu, Educator
  69. Mohan Kumar Karn, Terai Human Rights Defenders Alliance, Kathmandu
  70. Mukesh Jha, Madhesi Youth, Nepal
  71. Muna Gurung, Writer, Kathmandu
  72. Nasala Chitrakar, Poet and Educator, Kathmandu
  73. NayanTara Gurung Kakshapati, Photo Circle, Kathmandu
  74. Niraj lawoju, Writer and Activist, Bhaktapur.
  75. Niranjan Kunwar, Writer and Educational Consultant, Kathmandu
  76. Nirvaya Subedi, Writer, Kathmandu
  77. Pooja Pant, VOW Media, Kathmandu
  78. Prabindra Shakya, Community Empowerment and Social Justice Network, Nepal
  79. Pradip Pariyar, Samata Foundation, Lalitpur
  80. Pradipta Kadambari, Principal, Kadambari Memorial Collage
  81. Prakash Aryal, Lawyer, Kathmandu
  82. Prakash Mahara, Human Rights Activist, Kathmandu
  83. Pranika Koyu, Poet, Kathmandu
  84. Praveen Kumar Yadav, Activist and Researcher, Kathmandu
  85. Prawin Adhikari, Writer, Lalitpur
  86. Rabindra Baniya, Actor  
  87. Rabin Sayami, Cartoonist, Kathmandu.
  88. Rahul Rajak, Law Student, Rautahat
  89. Rajendra Maharjan, Writer, Kathmandu
  90. Rajkumar Paswan, Saptari
  91. Raj Rajak, Ambedkarite and Bahujan activist 
  92. Raju Prasad Chapagai, Constitutional/Human Rights Lawyer, Kathmandu
  93. Raju Sarkar, Human Right Activist
  94. Raju Syangtan, Poet, Kathmandu.
  95. Raju Yonjan, Art Entrepreneur
  96. Rakesh Kayastha, Film Maker
  97. Raksha Ram Harijan, Advocate
  98. Ram Gurung, Writer and Researcher, Kathmandu.
  99. Ram Kumar Bhandari, Human Rights Activist
  100. Rojita Adhikari, Writer, Kathmandu
  101. Rukamanee Maharjan, Assistant Professor, Nepal Law Campus
  102. Rukh Gurung, Researcher, Kathmandu
  103. Rup Sunar, Dignity Initiative, Kathmandu
  104. Sabin Ninglekhu, Researcher, Nanyang Technological University
  105. Sabitri Gautam, Writer , Pokhara 
  106. Sagar Chhetri, Photographer, photo.circle, Kathmandu
  107. Sangeet Srota, Writer, Kathmandu
  108. Sanjeev Maharjan, Visual Artist/Art Educator
  109. Santosh Pariyar, Educator
  110. Sarita Pariyar, Darnal Award for Social Justice, Kathmandu
  111. Sarita Tiwari, Writer, Chitawan.
  112. Shailendra Ambedkar, Human Rights Lawyer, Bhairahwa/Kathmandu
  113. Sharareh Bajracharya, Art educator, Srijanalaya, Kathmandu
  114. Shiva Hari Gyawali, Writer, Kathmandu
  115. Shova Ranjit, House Wife, Kathmandu
  116. Shubha Kayastha, Body & Data, Bhaktapur
  117. Sirjana Pant, Public Health Worker, Kathmandu
  118. Slesh Shrestha, Kathmandu
  119. Smriti Rai, Development Professional, Dharan
  120. Sona Katik, Kapilvastu
  121. Sophia Pande, Kathmandu
  122. Subima Shrestha, Kathmandu
  123. Sumitra Manandhar Gurung, Mahila Sahayatra Laghubitta Bittiya Sanstha, Chitlang 
  124. Sunil Shakya, Indigenous Art Promoter
  125. Suresh Kiran, Poet, Kathmandu.
  126. Suresh Thapa, Software Engineer, Lalitpur, Nepal
  127. Sushan Acharya, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
  128. Suvani Singh, Quixote’s Cove, Kathmandu
  129. Tula Narayan Shah, Activist, Nepal Madhesh Foundation
  130. Ujjwala Maharjan, Poet, Educator, Word Warriors
  131. Ujjwal Prasai, Writer Activist, Kathmandu
  132. Yug Pathak, Writer, Kathmandu.

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